What is Elephantiasis?

What is Elephantiasis?

click photo for more information
What is Elephantiasis?
The most common complications of elephantiasis is disability caused by extreme swelling and enlargement of body parts. Dr Ojum Ekeoma Ogwo I was to discuss ebola for the umpteenth time this week, which has resurfaced in DR Congo. The devastation this time around was so encompassing, that the World Health Organisation(WHO) was considering a declaration […]
5
42

The most common complications of elephantiasis is disability caused by extreme swelling and enlargement of body parts.

Dr Ojum Ekeoma Ogwo

I was to discuss ebola for the umpteenth time this week, which has resurfaced in DR Congo. The devastation this time around was so encompassing, that the World Health Organisation(WHO) was considering a declaration an “International Health Disease” (IDD) on ebola.

READ ALSO: Ebola: U.N. employee in eastern Congo tests positive

Which means, that the whole world would be put on notice, that the Congo ebola has exceeded an epidemic, but is now gradually gravitating towards a pandemic – which simply means world wide.

I changed my mind when last week, a townsman(name withheld), came calling. He visited me in Gregory Specialist Hospital Uturu. His left leg, from knee down was swollen like that of an elephant. I was flabbergasted. He told me that the swelling started sometime in January this year.

My health alarm was triggered off, because he was the third person from Umuahia with a swollen leg to consult me in two months.

“Wait a minute?” I reflected. “Is there an epidemic?” is filariasis which is colloquially called elephantiasis (because of the size of the swollen legs), becoming an epidemic?

William Morrison, a Specialist in Disease Control, who has done a lot of medical researches on filariasis in Nigeria, shares his thoughts with us.

What is Elephantiasis?

Elephantiasis is also known lymphatic filariasis.

 It is caused by parasitic worms, and can spread from person to person through mosquitoes.

 Elephantiasis causes the swelling of the scrotum, legs and breasts.

What are the symptoms of elephantiasis?

The most common symptom of elephantiasis is swelling of body parts. The swelling tends to happen in the:

 Legs

 Genitals

 Breasts

 Arms

The legs are the most commonly affected area. The swellings and enlargement of the body parts, can lead to pain and mobility issues.

The skin is also affected and may be:

 Dry

• Thick

• Ulceration

• Darker than normal skin

• Pitted skin

Some people experience additional symptoms such as fever and chills.

Elephantiasis affects the immune system. People with this condition are also at increased risk for a secondary infection.

What causes elephantiasis?

Elephantiasis is caused by parasitic worms that are spread by mosquitoes. There are 3 types of worms involved.

1. Wucheria bancrofti

2. Brugia malayi

3. Brugia timori

The worms affect the lymphatic system in the body. The lymphatic system is responsible for removing waste and toxins

If it becomes blocked, then it doesn’t properly remove waste. These leads to a back up of lymphatic fluid – which causes swelling.

READ ALSO: Waste collection: Lagos Assembly orders PSP back to work

Risk factors for elephantiasis

Elephantiasis can affect people of any age. It appears in both women and men.

• It is more common in Africa, that is tropical and subtropical parts of the world, that is Africa, India and South America.

Common risk factors for elephantiasis

People who live around the endemic area

Having a high exposure to mosquitoes

Living in an unsanitary conditions

How do we diagnose elephantiasis?

1) Your doctor will ask about your medical history history and symptoms.

2) He will do a thorough physical physical examination

3) You may also need blood tests to help your doctor make a diagnosis.

4) Your blood is examined in the laboratory for presence of parasites.

5) You may have X-rays and ultrasound to rule out the possibility of other problems causing some symptoms.

How is elephantiasis treated?

Treatment for elephantiasis includes:

Albendazole

Using good hygiene to clean the affected areas.

Exercising based on a doctor’s direction.

Surgery in extreme cases, which may include reconstructive surgery for the affected lymphatic tissue.

Treatment may also include emotional and psychological support..

What are the complications of elephantiasis?

The most common complications of elephantiasis is disability caused by extreme swelling and enlargement of body parts.

The pain and swelling can make it difficult to complete daily tasks at work.

In addition secondary infections are common concern with elephantiasis.

How do we prevent elephantiasis?

Elephantiasis is a disease spread by mosquitoes. Prevention may be possible by

1) Avoid mosquitoes or take precautions to reduce your risk for mosquito bites.

2) Get rid of mosquito breeding areas.

3) Use mosquito nets

4) Wear insect repellents.

5) Wear long sleeved shirts and trousers in areas with a lot of mosquitoes.

6) Take diethylcarbamazine (DEC), albendazole, and ivermectin as preventive treatment

Please be medically guided.

READ ALSO: Malaria: FG, donor agencies, others to distribute $18m mosquito nets in Katsina

________________________________________

Follow me on twitter @_DRSUN

The post What is Elephantiasis? appeared first on The Sun Nigeria.

iTooTok ft. Duncan Mighty – Disappoint Them

click photo for more information
iTooTok ft. Duncan Mighty – Disappoint Them
iTooTok ft. Duncan Mighty – Disappoint Them Anosike Favour Ugochi is a Nigerian Singer, Songwriter and Media Personality. popularly known as ITOOTOK. The singer made her first break when Tunde Ednut discovered her from the “One Ticket” viral cover. Her Debut Single “DISAPPOINT THEM” featuring popular Nigerian artiste Duncan Mighty has hit the waves of […]
1
7

Nutty Josh ft. BOUQUI , Snatcha & Sokleva of Rooftop MCs – Run Things

click photo for more information
Nutty Josh ft. BOUQUI , Snatcha & Sokleva of Rooftop MCs – Run Things
Nutty Josh ft. Rooftop MCs x Bouqui – Run Thins Energetic Gospel rapper Nutty Josh hooks up with renowned gospel rappers Bouqui and the Rooftop Mcs for his latest single “Run Things” produced by GospelOnDBeatz. Today being his Birthday, he decided to gift the song to his fans and lovers of Gospel Rap. A message […]
1
7

Simi Announces Release Date For 3rd Studio Album

click photo for more information
Simi Announces Release Date For 3rd Studio Album
Simi X3M music artiste, Simi, has announced the date she’ll be dropping her 3rd studio album which the singer revealed will be called “Omo Charlie Champagne”. This announcement was made on all social media platform on the 19th of March as the Ayo singer revealed she’ll be releasing her new album on her 31st birthday, which […]
0
12

Google Announces Stadia Video Game Service

click photo for more information
Google Announces Stadia Video Game Service
LEADERSHIP: Alphabet Inc’s Google on Tuesday announced a video game streaming service dubbed Stadia that attempts to capitalise on the company’s cloud technology and global network of data centres. The technology would allow users to play high-end games on their internet browser without having to wait for any content to be downloaded to their device. […]
0
7

Child Dies, 30 Missing As Migrant Boat Sinks Off Libyan Coast

click photo for more information
Child Dies, 30 Missing As Migrant Boat Sinks Off Libyan Coast
LEADERSHIP: A child died and 30 people went missing when a migrant boat sank off the Libyan coast on Tuesday, the Libyan Navy said. “The wooden boat sank after it crashed into rocks near the coast of the western Libyan city of Sabratha,’’ Libyan Navy spokesman Ayoub Qasim told dpa. He said the residents of […]
0
13

Trump Renews Attack Alleging Social Media’s Political Bias

click photo for more information
Trump Renews Attack Alleging Social Media’s Political Bias
LEADERSHIP: U.S. President Donald Trump on Tuesday accused social media platforms Facebook, YouTube and Twitter of favoring his Democratic opponents over him and his fellow Republicans. “But fear not, we will win anyway, just like we did before! #MAGA. “MAGA refers to Trump’s 2016 campaign slogan, Make America Great Again,” he said in a tweet. […]
0
11

Tejumola Adel – Alagbada Ina

click photo for more information
Tejumola Adel – Alagbada Ina
After the huge success of  “KaBiosi” which spread like wide fire and the highly acclaimed prayer tune, “Prayer Of Jabez”, International Gospel Music minister, Tejumola Adel cooks up yet another beautiful masterpiece called “Alagbada Ina”. Judging from the title, Alagbada Ina produces the space that sparks up God’s most featured nature, elaborated as one whose […]
0
9

VIDEO: Frank Edwards – One Song ft. Da Music

click photo for more information
VIDEO: Frank Edwards – One Song ft. Da Music
After the successful release of “Happiness“, Rocktown Records mastermind – Frank Edwards, displays no sign of slowing down as he serves us a brand new single dubbed “One Song“, accompanied with a colourful visual. This time, he collaborates with prolific Gospel prospect – Da Music. The groovy tune was produced by Frank Edwards himself and […]
0
9

Femi Fasan – S’oro Mi D’ayo

click photo for more information
Femi Fasan – S’oro Mi D’ayo
Prolific US based Recording Artist, Femi Fasan hits the stage of influence with his second Single: S’ORO MI D’AYO, produced by the artistically inclined Producer/ Ambassador Wole Oni. His awe-inspring first Single, IRE MI DE (My Joy Has Come), subsequently motivated this Afro-Pop sequel, S’ORO MI D’AYO (TURN MY SITUATION INTO A JOYOUS ONE) – […]
0
6

Eugy – LoLo

click photo for more information
Eugy – LoLo
Overview of Eugy – LoLo   British-Ghanaian rapper and singer Eugy AKA Eugy Official presents a brand new single and video. This one right here is titled “LoLo”, where the rapper delves from his ususal rapping to deliver some suave crooning on a slow whine beat. The midtempo afrobeats joint was produced by Spanker, and […]
0
7

Naira Closes At N360.13 To Dollar At Investors Window

click photo for more information
Naira Closes At N360.13 To Dollar At Investors Window
LEADERSHIP: The Naira on Tuesday exchanged at N360.13 to the dollar at the investors window as market turnover stood at 277.11 million dollars. At the parallel market in Lagos, the naira remained stable closing at N358 to the dollar, while the Pound Sterling traded at N475 and the Euro at N405. Trading at the Bureau […]
1
9

Bartho6ix – Omotena

click photo for more information
Bartho6ix – Omotena
Bartho6ix – Omotena Fast rising act Batho6ix is out with this smash hit title “OMOTENA” which is set to top music charts in no tie, The Warri Born hails from Delta State and he is a student of Delta State Polytechnic Ozoro in Nigeria. This is his first official single titled “Omotena”, an afrocentric vibe […]
1
12
load more posts