Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think

Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think

click photo for more information
Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think
Often times, Nigerians believe oil spillage only refers to the spilling of petroleum oil, but that is not true. Oil spillage is when any type of oil escapes from the container. Just last month, kegs of vegetable oil being transported by a trader spilled into the gutter and people recorded her scooping the oil back […]
8
92

Often times, Nigerians believe oil spillage only refers to the spilling of petroleum oil, but that is not true. Oil spillage is when any type of oil escapes from the container. Just last month, kegs of vegetable oil being transported by a trader spilled into the gutter and people recorded her scooping the oil back into another container. Watching the video was disturbing as I could only imagine the consumers who would use the oil to cook or fry and the health implications thereafter.

It’s no news that there is an abundance of crude oil in Nigeria, predominantly in the Niger Delta region. According to Kadafa, Zakaria and Othman (2012), Nigeria is ranked 3rd world’s largest producer of palm oil and the the 6th largest exporter of crude oil. It is said that 80% of our revenue in Nigeria is generated from crude oil and 97% of Nigeria’s export is crude oil.

In as much as there are laws and regulations governing oil spillage in Nigeria, such as Oil Pollution Act (OPC) 1990 and Mineral Oil Safety Regulation 1963, we still see large amounts of oil spillage across Nigeria. Tankers spilling petroleum on major highways and roads, leading to explosions and severe accidents.

Causes of oil spillage are:

  1. Man-made:
    • One of the major causes in Nigeria is illegal bunkering and vandalization
    • Tanker accidents
    • Oil siphoning
  2. Natural:
    • Movement of tectonic plates
    • Natural seepage, especially in oceans

Oil spillage has caused environmental and health degradation in various parts of Nigeria, leading to food insecurity. Crops and livestock find it difficult to survive, and those that survive are heavily contaminated with heavy metals, which lead to diseases. Several studies conducted has shown that oil spillage causes adverse health, environmental and economic effects in Nigeria.

Health Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Cardiovascular diseases
  2. Ingestion of toxic metals
  3. Skin ulcer
  4. Damage to the kidney and liver
  5. Mammals get hypothermia
  6. Swelling of the brain
  7. Increased blood pressure
  8. Health hazard to aquatic animals and plants
  9. Difficulty in breathing

Environmental Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Water pollution
  2. Soil pollution
  3. Oil contamination
  4. Explosion can lead to air pollution
  5. Damage to ecosystems
  6. Coastal and riverbank erosion
  7. Flooding
  8. Sewage and wastewater pollution
  9. Acid rain
  10. Deforestation

Economic Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Risk of food insecurity
  2. Poverty
  3. Job insecurity

Recommendations

It is important to note that no two oil spills are the same because of the variation in oil types, locations, and weather conditions involved.

A. Provision of better clean-up techniques to remove oil from natural environment.

B. Enforcement of already established oil exploration policies.

C. Proper maintenance of vessels and pipelines.

D. Leave the oil alone for natural dispersion. “If there is no possibility of the oil polluting coastal regions or marine industries, the best method is to leave it to disperse by natural means. A combination of wind, sun, current, and wave action will rapidly disperse and evaporate most oils.”

E. Controlled use of chemical dispersants.

The post Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think appeared first on BellaNaija – Nigeria breaking & top news to the World 24/7. Read Today.

Nigerian jailed for defiling minor in Ghana

click photo for more information
Nigerian jailed for defiling minor in Ghana
The court also ordered the convict’s deportation back to his home country after he serves his sentence. The post Nigerian jailed for defiling minor in Ghana appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Related
0
8

APC, Saraki, Ekweremadu, Ugwanyi felicitate with Christians on Easter

click photo for more information
APC, Saraki, Ekweremadu, Ugwanyi felicitate with Christians on Easter
The All Progressives Congress preached that love and tolerance should live above violence, killings, agitations, and other divisive tendencies. The post APC, Saraki, Ekweremadu, Ugwanyi felicitate with Christians on Easter appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Related
0
8

5 jams that dropped this Easter!!! Wizkid already topping the list

click photo for more information
5 jams that dropped this Easter!!! Wizkid already topping the list
So your favourite musicians have been in the studio cooking up something for you to jam to this Easter. Almost like they had a meeting on their release dates, the songs just keep dropping after each other. Wizkid’s newest song ‘low’, only a few hours old is already raking up a momentum. DJ Cuppy’s ‘Abena’ […]
0
8

How Adeboye Made Me Governor – Samuel Ortom

click photo for more information
How Adeboye Made Me Governor – Samuel Ortom
Samuel Ortom, the Benue State Governor, has shared how the General Overseer of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, Pastor Enoch Adeboye, ensured he emerge victorious at the just concluded governorship poll in his state. Samuel Ortom who spoke during the April edition of the church Holy Ghost service which held at the redemption camp […]
0
8

New Music Alert: Simi Drops New Album ”Omo Charlie Champagne Vol. I’’

click photo for more information
New Music Alert: Simi Drops New Album ”Omo  Charlie Champagne Vol. I’’
Singer Simi has released the much anticipated 13 track album she titles ” Omo Charlie Champaign.” The album includes features from four singers, Patoranking, Adekunle Gold, Falz and Maleek Berry. The entire duration of the song is 32 minutes. The post New Music Alert: Simi Drops New Album ”Omo Charlie Champagne Vol. I’’ appeared first […]
0
8

Anthony Joshua: I turned down £50,000 offer because I didn’t take up boxing for money but to win medals

click photo for more information
Anthony Joshua: I turned down £50,000 offer because I didn’t take up boxing for money but to win medals
That ray is a television commercial featuring Anthony Joshua, the Nigerian-born British World Heavyweight champion Continue reading Anthony Joshua: I turned down £50,000 offer because I didn’t take up boxing for money but to win medals at Vanguard News. Related
0
10

No crisis in NYCN, says President, Bello Shagari

click photo for more information
No crisis in NYCN, says President, Bello Shagari
President of National Youth Council of Nigeria,NYCN, Mr. Bello Bala Shagari has described reports insinuating that there is a crisis in the council as misleading. Continue reading No crisis in NYCN, says President, Bello Shagari at Vanguard News. Related
0
9

Buhari sad over clashes in Taraba, Adamawa

click photo for more information
Buhari sad over clashes in Taraba, Adamawa
President Muhammadu Buhari has expressed sadness over “the latest needless violent clashes between Jukuns and Tivs in Taraba State, and Fulani, Genjon and Bachama in Adamawa resulting in arson, injuries and deaths”. Continue reading Buhari sad over clashes in Taraba, Adamawa at Vanguard News. Related
0
8

Inmate gives birth to twins in Calabar Prison

click photo for more information
Inmate gives birth to twins in Calabar Prison
A female inmate of the Afokang prison, Calabar (name withheld), has given birth to twins, a boy and girl, the News Agency of Nigeria reports. Continue reading Inmate gives birth to twins in Calabar Prison at Vanguard News. Related
0
7

Gov. Ayade donates N1m to inmate who delivered twins in Calabar Prison

click photo for more information
Gov. Ayade donates N1m to inmate who delivered twins in Calabar Prison
Gov. Ben Ayade of Cross River has donated N1 million and other gift items to the management of the General Hospital Calabar for the upkeep of the prison inmate who gave birth to twins at the hospital on Thursday April 18. Continue reading Gov. Ayade donates N1m to inmate who delivered twins in Calabar Prison […]
0
7

“Old Soldier Never Dies” – 2face Reveals He Is Still In The Industry To Give The Young Acts A Run For Their Money

click photo for more information
“Old Soldier Never Dies” – 2face Reveals He Is Still In The Industry To Give The Young Acts A Run For Their Money
It is an amazing feeling to always have to look back and reminisce of the past and be able to count or point out to a lot of great achievements that have been carried out by one. And it is even most enjoyable when the present condition of one happens to be better than the […]
0
7

Naira Marley makes a case for internet fraudsters

click photo for more information
Naira Marley makes a case for internet fraudsters
<p class="">Nigerian singer, Naira Marley has shared his opinion on whether internet scam popularly known as yahoo-yahoo is a crime or not.</p> <p class="">On Friday, April 19, 2019, the singer in an Instagram post, said anyone who knows about slavery would not consider internet scam as a crime.</p> <figure class="embedded_application" align="center"> <figcaption>If u know about […]
0
8
load more posts