Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think

Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think

click photo for more information
Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think
Often times, Nigerians believe oil spillage only refers to the spilling of petroleum oil, but that is not true. Oil spillage is when any type of oil escapes from the container. Just last month, kegs of vegetable oil being transported by a trader spilled into the gutter and people recorded her scooping the oil back […]
8
121

Often times, Nigerians believe oil spillage only refers to the spilling of petroleum oil, but that is not true. Oil spillage is when any type of oil escapes from the container. Just last month, kegs of vegetable oil being transported by a trader spilled into the gutter and people recorded her scooping the oil back into another container. Watching the video was disturbing as I could only imagine the consumers who would use the oil to cook or fry and the health implications thereafter.

It’s no news that there is an abundance of crude oil in Nigeria, predominantly in the Niger Delta region. According to Kadafa, Zakaria and Othman (2012), Nigeria is ranked 3rd world’s largest producer of palm oil and the the 6th largest exporter of crude oil. It is said that 80% of our revenue in Nigeria is generated from crude oil and 97% of Nigeria’s export is crude oil.

In as much as there are laws and regulations governing oil spillage in Nigeria, such as Oil Pollution Act (OPC) 1990 and Mineral Oil Safety Regulation 1963, we still see large amounts of oil spillage across Nigeria. Tankers spilling petroleum on major highways and roads, leading to explosions and severe accidents.

Causes of oil spillage are:

  1. Man-made:
    • One of the major causes in Nigeria is illegal bunkering and vandalization
    • Tanker accidents
    • Oil siphoning
  2. Natural:
    • Movement of tectonic plates
    • Natural seepage, especially in oceans

Oil spillage has caused environmental and health degradation in various parts of Nigeria, leading to food insecurity. Crops and livestock find it difficult to survive, and those that survive are heavily contaminated with heavy metals, which lead to diseases. Several studies conducted has shown that oil spillage causes adverse health, environmental and economic effects in Nigeria.

Health Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Cardiovascular diseases
  2. Ingestion of toxic metals
  3. Skin ulcer
  4. Damage to the kidney and liver
  5. Mammals get hypothermia
  6. Swelling of the brain
  7. Increased blood pressure
  8. Health hazard to aquatic animals and plants
  9. Difficulty in breathing

Environmental Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Water pollution
  2. Soil pollution
  3. Oil contamination
  4. Explosion can lead to air pollution
  5. Damage to ecosystems
  6. Coastal and riverbank erosion
  7. Flooding
  8. Sewage and wastewater pollution
  9. Acid rain
  10. Deforestation

Economic Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Risk of food insecurity
  2. Poverty
  3. Job insecurity

Recommendations

It is important to note that no two oil spills are the same because of the variation in oil types, locations, and weather conditions involved.

A. Provision of better clean-up techniques to remove oil from natural environment.

B. Enforcement of already established oil exploration policies.

C. Proper maintenance of vessels and pipelines.

D. Leave the oil alone for natural dispersion. “If there is no possibility of the oil polluting coastal regions or marine industries, the best method is to leave it to disperse by natural means. A combination of wind, sun, current, and wave action will rapidly disperse and evaporate most oils.”

E. Controlled use of chemical dispersants.

The post Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think appeared first on BellaNaija – Nigeria breaking & top news to the World 24/7. Read Today.

Buhari, APC governors to honour Oyegun at 80

click photo for more information
Buhari, APC governors to honour Oyegun at 80
The former APC national chairman will be 80 year on August 17. The post Buhari, APC governors to honour Oyegun at 80 appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Related
0
9

FIBA Women’s AfroBasket: D’Tigress advance to final

click photo for more information
FIBA Women’s AfroBasket: D’Tigress advance to final
Two years ago, D’Tigress needed just a point to beat Mali but on Friday they did it with 21 points. The post FIBA Women’s AfroBasket: D’Tigress advance to final appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Related
0
8

Messi-less Barcelona lose first match of season

click photo for more information
Messi-less Barcelona lose first match of season
The Spanish champions were defeated by Athletico Bilbao 1-0. The post Messi-less Barcelona lose first match of season appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Related
0
14

Contract Violation: Nigeria vows to resist enforcement of N3.2 trillion judgement after British court ruling

click photo for more information
Contract Violation: Nigeria vows to resist enforcement of N3.2 trillion judgement after British court ruling
The Nigerian government described the ruling as “completely wrong and obviously unjustifiable.” The post Contract Violation: Nigeria vows to resist enforcement of N3.2 trillion judgement after British court ruling appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Related
1
13

Temple Music Presents: Chris A – Olowo

click photo for more information
Temple Music Presents: Chris A – Olowo
The talented Temple Music artiste and performer, Chris A has released a new single titled “Olowo“. The mid-tempo track which was produced by Mr. Lab speaks about working hard, making good money and enjoying the simple pleasures of life and all its trappings. With its smooth vocals and pulsating beat, the feel good song makes […]
10
13

[Video] Sean Dennis – Market

click photo for more information
[Video] Sean Dennis – Market
Star rapper Sean Dennis, just released his first single of the year 2019, and it is titled “Market”. He delivers a very motivating lyrics hook and catchy that is sure to motivate everyone in the world. “Market” was produced by fast-rising producer 02beatz. Listen and motivate yourself again today. https://tooxclusive.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Sean-Dennis-Market.mp3 Sean Dennis – Market Watch […]
0
14

Aderibigbe Eniola Peace wins the 2019 PZ Cussons Chemistry Challenge 🙌

click photo for more information
Aderibigbe Eniola Peace wins the 2019 PZ Cussons Chemistry Challenge 🙌
Winners have emerged at the 2019 PZ Cussons Chemistry Challenge. The competition which had over 13,000 students register from across the country saw Aderibigbe Eniola Peace from Babcock University High School emerge as the winner. Adele Chika of Jephthah Comprehensive Secondary School, Port Harcourt and Ojuba Mezisashe Shalom of Loyola Jesuit College, Abuja came second […]
12
13

It’s a shame FG’s tolerating killer herdsmen — Fani-Kayode

click photo for more information
It’s a shame FG’s tolerating killer herdsmen  — Fani-Kayode
By Marie-Therese Nanlong Former Minister of Aviation, Femi Fani-Kayode has described as a national shame, the refusal of the federal government to proscribe killer herdsmen despite what he termed their evil activities, stressing such travesty happen due to absence of good governance. Kayode lamented the persistent killing of innocent Nigerians in different parts of the […]
6
11

Women participation in governance should start from local level — Fajemirokun

click photo for more information
Women participation in governance should start from local level — Fajemirokun
Just approaching her mid thirties, Simi Fajemirokun’s political career is already intimidating. An educationist, entrepreneur and politician, she is a member of the All Progressives Congress (APC) and was appointed to work on the Presidential Campaign Council while serving as a member of the Election Planning and Monitoring (EPM) Directorate under the leadership of Babatunde […]
1
12

Zedcrest Capital named best Financial Management firm in Nigeria

click photo for more information
Zedcrest Capital named best Financial Management firm in Nigeria
New-age financial solutions powerhouse, Zedcrest Capital Limited has been named the Best Financial Management Firm in Nigeria by International Business Magazine. The Dubai-based publication made the announcement on its official website on Monday, 12 August 2019. Continue reading Zedcrest Capital named best Financial Management firm in Nigeria at Vanguard News. Related
0
13

El-Zakzaky’s followers vow to continue struggle

click photo for more information
El-Zakzaky’s followers vow to continue struggle
Barely four days after they were flown to India for medical treatment on the order of Kaduna State High Court, leader of the proscribed Islamic Movement, IMN, in Nigeria, Sheikh Ibrahim El-Zakzaky, and his wife, Zeenat, were brought back to Nigeria yesterday. The Ethiopian airplane carrying the couple arrived the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport yesterday […]
0
8

‘Dump Your Woman If She Can’t Do This’ – Nigerian Lady Shows Off What She Did For Her Man

click photo for more information
‘Dump Your Woman If She Can’t Do This’ – Nigerian Lady Shows Off What She Did For Her Man
A Nigerian lady who goes by the name Analaugh on Twitter has caused a stir after she took to the platform to advise men on the kind of women they should be with. According to the young lady, men should stick with women who know how to cook. Read Also: Nigerian Lady Shares CCTV Footages Of […]
1
9
load more posts