Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think

Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think

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Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think
Often times, Nigerians believe oil spillage only refers to the spilling of petroleum oil, but that is not true. Oil spillage is when any type of oil escapes from the container. Just last month, kegs of vegetable oil being transported by a trader spilled into the gutter and people recorded her scooping the oil back […]
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Often times, Nigerians believe oil spillage only refers to the spilling of petroleum oil, but that is not true. Oil spillage is when any type of oil escapes from the container. Just last month, kegs of vegetable oil being transported by a trader spilled into the gutter and people recorded her scooping the oil back into another container. Watching the video was disturbing as I could only imagine the consumers who would use the oil to cook or fry and the health implications thereafter.

It’s no news that there is an abundance of crude oil in Nigeria, predominantly in the Niger Delta region. According to Kadafa, Zakaria and Othman (2012), Nigeria is ranked 3rd world’s largest producer of palm oil and the the 6th largest exporter of crude oil. It is said that 80% of our revenue in Nigeria is generated from crude oil and 97% of Nigeria’s export is crude oil.

In as much as there are laws and regulations governing oil spillage in Nigeria, such as Oil Pollution Act (OPC) 1990 and Mineral Oil Safety Regulation 1963, we still see large amounts of oil spillage across Nigeria. Tankers spilling petroleum on major highways and roads, leading to explosions and severe accidents.

Causes of oil spillage are:

  1. Man-made:
    • One of the major causes in Nigeria is illegal bunkering and vandalization
    • Tanker accidents
    • Oil siphoning
  2. Natural:
    • Movement of tectonic plates
    • Natural seepage, especially in oceans

Oil spillage has caused environmental and health degradation in various parts of Nigeria, leading to food insecurity. Crops and livestock find it difficult to survive, and those that survive are heavily contaminated with heavy metals, which lead to diseases. Several studies conducted has shown that oil spillage causes adverse health, environmental and economic effects in Nigeria.

Health Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Cardiovascular diseases
  2. Ingestion of toxic metals
  3. Skin ulcer
  4. Damage to the kidney and liver
  5. Mammals get hypothermia
  6. Swelling of the brain
  7. Increased blood pressure
  8. Health hazard to aquatic animals and plants
  9. Difficulty in breathing

Environmental Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Water pollution
  2. Soil pollution
  3. Oil contamination
  4. Explosion can lead to air pollution
  5. Damage to ecosystems
  6. Coastal and riverbank erosion
  7. Flooding
  8. Sewage and wastewater pollution
  9. Acid rain
  10. Deforestation

Economic Effects of Oil Spillage

  1. Risk of food insecurity
  2. Poverty
  3. Job insecurity

Recommendations

It is important to note that no two oil spills are the same because of the variation in oil types, locations, and weather conditions involved.

A. Provision of better clean-up techniques to remove oil from natural environment.

B. Enforcement of already established oil exploration policies.

C. Proper maintenance of vessels and pipelines.

D. Leave the oil alone for natural dispersion. “If there is no possibility of the oil polluting coastal regions or marine industries, the best method is to leave it to disperse by natural means. A combination of wind, sun, current, and wave action will rapidly disperse and evaporate most oils.”

E. Controlled use of chemical dispersants.

The post Adefolake Adekola: Oil Spillages Have Even Worse Effects Than You Think appeared first on BellaNaija – Nigeria breaking & top news to the World 24/7. Read Today.

New Music: Ric Hassani – Love You Anyway

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New Music: Ric Hassani – Love You Anyway
Here’s a brand new single by popular Nigerian artist, Ric Hassani titled “Love You Anyway“. The song was produced, mixed & mastered by Vtek, and Guitars by Kenneth Godwin & Osan Oladeji Ede. Enjoy! https://www.bellanaija.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/RH-Anyway-MASTER.mp3 Download The post New Music: Ric Hassani – Love You Anyway appeared first on BellaNaija – Nigeria breaking & top […]
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Regina King is Gorgeous on the cover of Vanity Fair’s Award Extra Magazine

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Regina King is Gorgeous on the cover of Vanity Fair’s Award Extra Magazine
It’s Regina King season and we’re here for it. The 48-year old actress is on the cover of Vanity Fair‘s Awards Extra issue and she’s dishing on her recent HUGE awards sweep, her journey in Hollywood and more. Read excerpts below. On living Oscar season firsthand: “It is very cool to be 47 and [have] this […]
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Election Postponement: INEC approves Resumption of Campaigns

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Election Postponement: INEC approves Resumption of Campaigns
Pic.36. Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) Chairman, Prof. Mahmood Yakubu, addressing a stakeholders meeting on 2019 General Elections’ postponement, in Abuja on Saturday (16/2/19).01462/16/2/2019/Sumaila Ibrahim/BJO/NAN Political parties and their candidates can now continue to campaign until midnight, Thursday 21st of February, INEC has said. The decision to issue go-ahead to political parties to continue campaign […]
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Multiple Reports claim Jussie Smollett May Have Staged Attack

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Multiple Reports claim Jussie Smollett May Have Staged Attack
Jussie Smollett Multiple platforms are reporting that “Empire” star Jussie Smollett may have paid two men to orchestrate the attack on him that he reported to police in January. Smollett has repeatedly denied staging the attack, according to statements from his attorneys. The two men, Nigerian brothers, Abimbola “Abel” and Olabinjo “Ola” Osundairo were arrested […]
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Goodluck Jonathan sues for peace, urges voters to resist vote buying

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Goodluck Jonathan sues for peace, urges voters to resist vote buying
<p class="">Jonathan said this at a meeting with Niger Delta Youth Leaders on Monday in Yenagoa, Bayelsa atate.</p> <h3>Former President, Dr Goodluck Jonathan, on Monday tasked Nigerians to embrace peace and shun violence ahead of the rescheduled general elections.</h3> <p class="">Jonathan, who was in Bayelsa, his home state at the weekend for the polls earlier […]
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Masari assures Buhari of 3 million votes despite election postponement

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Masari assures Buhari of 3 million votes despite election postponement
<p class="">According to Masari, the postponement of the elections will not change the position of Katsina people.</p> <h2>Gov. Aminu Masari of Katsina state says the postponed elections will not affect the promise made by Katsina people to deliver three million votes for re-election bid of President Muhammadu Buhari on Feb. 23.</h2> <p class="">The<strong> Independent National […]
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Mike Ozekhome criticises Buhari for threatening ballot box snatchers with death

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Mike Ozekhome criticises Buhari for threatening ballot box snatchers with death
<p class="">Buhari, on Monday, February 18, 2019, said those who are planning to snatch ballot boxes should be ready to pay with their lives.</p> <h2>Senior Advocate of Nigeria (SAN), Mike Ozekhome has criticised President Buhari for threatening ballot box snatchers with death.</h2> <p class="">Buhari, on Monday, February 18, 2019, said those who are planning to […]
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Activist Deji Adeyanju granted bail

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Activist Deji Adeyanju granted bail
Mr Adeyanju was arrested on December 13. The post Activist Deji Adeyanju granted bail appeared first on Premium Times Nigeria. Related
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” What An Irresponsible President You Are” – Nigerians Say As They Fire Heavy Shots At Buhari Following His ‘Shoot On Sight’ Order

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” What An Irresponsible President You Are” – Nigerians Say As They Fire Heavy Shots At Buhari Following His ‘Shoot On Sight’ Order
Following President Muhammadu Buhari’s statement that anybody caught trying to a snatch ballot box during the 2019 presidential election slated for 18th February be shot at sight, Nigerians have been on social media reacting. He made this declaration during the All Progressive Congress (APC) emergency (Caucus) meeting which took place at the party’s national secretariat, […]
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#FreeBusForDemocracy: Former Aide To Ex-President Goodluck Jonathan Said Their Would Be Free Transport For Electorates On Saturday – See Condition Needed To Be On The Bus

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#FreeBusForDemocracy: Former Aide To Ex-President Goodluck Jonathan Said Their Would Be Free Transport For Electorates On Saturday – See Condition Needed To Be On The Bus
Former aide to ex-president Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, Reno Omokri, has said that he would provide free transport service to Nigerians on Saturday 23rd of February in order to participate in the much anticipated 2019 presidential election. Reno Omokri who made this known via his Twitter handle said this would be done irrespective of who you […]
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“Stupid Ass And Shameless Thing” – Upcoming Actress Troll Popular Actress, Jumoke Odetola.

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“Stupid Ass And Shameless Thing” – Upcoming Actress Troll Popular Actress, Jumoke Odetola.
Upcoming Yoruba actress simply known as Bewaji has fired heavy shots at top Yoruba movie actress, Jumoke Odetola, over a yet to be ascertained issue. The upcoming actress who took to her Instagram page with ID @Beauty.Bewaji today 18th of February called the beautiful actress a stupid ass and an ugly rag in a long […]
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Chucky P – “Girls Hustle” ft. Vibeman Heinzy

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Chucky P – “Girls Hustle” ft. Vibeman Heinzy
Chucky P ft vibeman heinzy – “Girls Hustle”… Produced by Barmy and kelvin drays mixed by e -rectro mix. After the release of his multiple dope songs, Chucky P links up with the super talented singer and song writer, Vibeman Heinzy to Make something in support of the ladies which he titled “Girls Hustle“. Listen […]
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